All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce
Post:No.70,West Deshengmen Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, China 100035
Established in 1953 under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce (ACFIC), also known as the All-China General Chamber of Industry and Commerce (ACGCIC), is a group of the masses and a chamber of commerce oriented toward the business circle and with the enterprises and personages of the non-public economy as its main entity. It is a channel for the CPC and the government to liaise with the personages of the non-public economy, and an aide of the government in administering and serving the non-public economy. The work of ACFIC is a key component of the CPC’s united front and economic work. The cause of ACFIC is an important part of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. ACFIC is a key organization of the CPC-led united front and a key unit of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, with basic characteristics of the united front, the economy and the masses. ACFIC upholds the flag of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is guided by the Deng Xiaoping theory, the thoughts of “Three Represents” and the Concept of Scientific Development. It clings to the CPC leadership, and the basic economic system with the public economy as the main component and the co-existence of the economies of various ownerships. Its work centers on economic construction, serves the big picture of the CPC work and the whole country, and focuses on the healthy growth of the non-public economy and its personages. It participates in the China’s construction of Socialist economy, politics, culture, society and ecological civilization, and contributes to building China into a rich, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious Socialist modern nation, and achieving complete national reunification and rejuvenation.
Its work is closely tied to the following groups of enterprises and people:
Private enterprises; limited liabilities companies and share holdings companies with non-public economic components as the controlling share-holder; Hong Kong- and Macao-invested enterprises; investors of private enterprises; individual industrial households and merchants; people from the industrial and commercial circles of Hong Kong and Macao with investment in the Mainland; and former industrialists and merchants.
Play a guiding role in the ideological and political work of the personages of the non-public economy; facilitate the participation of the personages of the non-public economic sector in China’s political life and social affairs; assist the government in administering and serving the non-public economy; boost the reform and development of business associations and chambers of commerce; and play a coordinating role in promoting the construction of harmonious labor relations, and strengthening and innovating social administration.
Strengthen and improve the ideological and political work of the personages of the non-public economy and guide them to be qualified constructors of Socialism with Chinese characteristics; participate in political consultation and democratic supervision; assist the government in administering and serving the non-public economy, and boosting its healthy growth; facilitate the reform and development of business associations and chambers of commerce, and foster and develop chambers of commerce with Chinese characteristics; participate in coordination of labor relations, coordinate social administration and promote social harmony and stability; and reflect the interests and appeals of enterprises and personages of the non-public economy, and safeguard their legitimate rights and interests.
ACFIC is a national organization with local branches in all the provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, cities and counties. The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps is a local branch. County federations are categorized as both local branches and grassroots organizations. Chambers of commerce are categorized as grassroots organizations.
By end of 2015, there are 3,404 county and above-county-level federations of industry and commerce, a rise of 10 over end of 2014. This includes 333 prefecture federations of industry and commerce, 2,829 county federations of industry and commerce, and 41 federations of industry in the municipal districts, administrative districts and economic development zones not yet listed as the country’s administrative regions, as well as 14 division-level and 154 regiment-level federations of industry and commerce in the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps.
By end of 2015, there are 41,679 chambers of commerce associated to various levels of federations of industry and commerce, up 12.7% over end of 2014. Chambers of commerce of an industry account for 30.4% of the total number of chambers of commerce, rural township chambers of commerce 38.2%, neighborhood chambers of commerce 9.3%, non-residential chambers of commerce 14.0%, and market chambers of commerce and other types 8.1%.
ACFIC has three categories of members: enterprises, groups and individuals. The members of federations of various levels automatically become the members of their immediate upper-level federations. Chambers of commerce are the federations’ group members while the members of the chambers are also the members of the federations.
By end of 2015, ACFIC has 4,385,663 members, up 10.5% over 2014, including 2,314,582 corporate members (52.8%), 55,689 group members (1.3%), and 2,015,392 individual members (45.9%) of which, there are 1,612,605 individual merchants and 36,067 former industrialists. 54.8% of ACFIC members belong to county and below-county-level federations of industry and commerce, and 37.5% come from chambers of commerce.
The top five provinces in terms of memberships in 2015 are Guangdong (288,762), Jiangsu (274,206), Liaoning (260,396), Henan (251,988) and Shanxi (250,572).
By end of 2015, the corporate members of federations of industry and commerce account for 10.6% of the country’s total number of enterprises, while the private enterprise members of federations of industry and commerce account for 10.2% of the country’s total number of private enterprises.
The top five industrial sectors in terms of corporate memberships are manufacturing (609,900), catering and dining (463,027), information transmission, software and information technology (191,515), agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishing (177,401), and service for local residents, repair and other service industry (171,846). Water conservancy, environment and public facilities administration, scientific research, technological service, transport, storage and postal service have witnessed fast growth.
ACFIC has established extensive contacts and cooperation with more than 400 groups, institutions, chambers of commerce and enterprises of over 100 countries and regions.
Leading Figures in ACFIC History
Chen Shutong, Chairman of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd ACFIC Executive Committees; Hu Zi"ang, Chairman of the 4th and 5th Executive Committees; Rong Yiren, Chairman of the 6th Executive Committee; Jing Shuping, Chairman of the 7th and 8th Executive Committees; Wang Guangying, Honorary Chairman of the 7th and 8th Executive Committees; Sun Fuling, Deputy Honorary Chairman of the 7th and 8th Executive Committees; and Huang Mengfu, Chairman of the 9th and 10th Executive Committees.